Sitakunda Upazila (chittagong district) with an area of 483.97 sq km, is bounded by mirsharai upazila on the north, pahartali thana on the south, fatikchhari, hathazari and panchlaish upazilas on the east, sandwip upazila and Sandwip channel on the west.
Sitakunda (Town) consists of 9 wards and 21 mahallas.
It has a population of 34530; male 50.50%, female 49.50%.
thana was established in 1899 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, 11 union parishads, 61 mouzas and 107 villages.
Religious institutions Mosque 280, tomb 8, temple 49, Buddhist temple 3, most noted of which are Shah Mosque, Baro Awlias Mazar, Kalu Shah Mazar, Fakir Hat Mazar, Sitakunda Shankar Math, Labanakhya Mandir, Chandranath Mandir, Shambunath Mandir.
Population 274903; male 55.34%, female 44.66%; Muslim 84.91%, Hindu 14.40%; Buddhist, Christian and others 0.69%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 41.1%; male 49.3% and female 30.6%. Educational institutions: cadet college 1, college 4, high school 24, junior school 3, primary school 73, madrasa 10, military academy 1. Noted educational institutions: Sitakunda Degree College (1968), Sitakunda Government High School (1913), Faujdarhat Cadet College (1958).
Newspapers and periodical Weekly Chaloman Sitakunda.
Cultural organisations Co-operative society 120, club 151, cinema hall 2, press club 1, public library 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 15.3%, forestry 2.77%, fishing 3.27%, agricultural labourer 8.61%, wage labourer 2.64%, industry 3.27%, transport 2.84%, commerce 13.88%, service 32.76%, renting house 1.01%, construction 1.01%, others 12.64%.
Land use Total cultivable land 12140.83 hectares, fallow land 1640 hectares; single crop 25.46%, double crop 57.95% and treble crop land 16.59%.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 15000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, betel leaf, ginger, turmeric, onion, chilli, bean and vegetables.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, guava, coconut, betel nut, bungi (kind of melon) and watermelon.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 112 km and mud road 256 km; railways 37 km, rail station 6, ferry-ghat 5.
Traditional transport Bullock cart (nearly extinct).
Manufactories Cement factory 1, jute mill 12, textile mill 6, re-rolling mill 10, shipyard 66, rice and flour mill 189, saw mill 20, brick field 13, others 45.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 25, tailoring 150, pottery 82, blacksmith 26, bamboo & cane work 84, bidi factory 6.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 19, most noted of which are Barabkunda Hat, Mohantar Hat, Suklal Hat, Fakir Hat, Baro Darogar Hat; fair 2 (Shiva Chaturdashi Mela and Chaitra Sankranti Mela.
Main exports Bean, melon, rubber and betel leaf.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are VERC, CARE, brac, asa, grameen bank, IPSA.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, infectious
disease hospital 1, railway TB hospital 1, family planning centre 11 and
veterinary treatment centre 1.
[Shimul Kumar Chowdhury]